Environment means the circumstances or conditions that surround us. Earth, our home, gives all the essential things that are needed for our life. For survival of our life in the environment, we should preserve a healthy biosphere with all its ecological systems, all plants and animals, fertile soils, pure waters, and clean air.
Now days, natural beauty of the earth is disappearing, as the people around the world destroy the beauty by maximum exploitation of resources. The rate of destruction of the environment is extremely high compared with the past years.
Causes of environmental pollution
A variety of environmental problems now affect our earth. As globalization continues and the earth's natural processes transform local problems into global issues, some of the problems now affecting the world are acid rain, air pollution, global warming, hazardous waste, ozone depletion, smog, water pollution, overpopulation etc. Smog and toxins are floating in the air, caused by the wastage from industrial smokestacks and by the over use of petroleum-burning vehicles.
Pollution of environment effect the human life. One in five people around the world are dying every year due to factors related to the effect of environmental pollution. But, the most dangerous problem of environmental pollution on human life is the greenhouse effect. The Ecumenical Water Network said about 1.1 billion people worldwide, most of them in Asia, are denied of adequate water and sanitation, while two million people die every year of diseases caused by poor water and sanitation. Most environmental problems are occurring by improper use of energy and resources. The new generation people are not aware of the importance of recycling the energy and conserving it, which in turn leads to more serious problem.
Solution for the environmental problems can be done by reducing the over consumption of natural resources and emission of carbon into atmosphere from vehicles. Try to control the industrial developmental projects that cause water pollution and also the activities which catalysis global warming and climate changes.Reduce deforestation for developmental activities and consumption of non biodegradable materials. Decrease the activities causing pollution of water bodies, air, forests, and soil.
Recycle is the method. Many products are recyclable. By this we can reduce environmental strain. Electronics devices, such as computers and cell phones are recyclable. Create compost plant waste to minimize the waste and carbon dioxide output while creating healthy organic fertilizer. Recycle the used materials with available technologies to reduce deforestation. This can in turn save trees.
Another method is to reuse the spent natural resources and materials manufactured with trees/plants for their conservation. To reduce the demand of the resources, reuse all recycled materials.
Environmental Sustainability means: "Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs." So for this we have to keep the population densities below the carrying capacity of a region, facilitate the renewal of renewable resources and keeping environmental impact and also conserve the environment." We must remember that God entrusted to us the environment to use it responsibly. Our dominion over nature and other living things means stewardship not domination and exploitation or use without regard for the Earth's caring capacity to reproduce and rehabilitate".
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